26221 S State Rte D
Cleveland, MO 64734

Water Well FAQs From Missouri Well Driller Jesse Yoakum

How much water will my well make?
There is no way to determine the amount of water a well will make until the well has been completed. In some parts of our drilling area the water is found only in random bedrock fractures. These wells typically yield about one to two gallons per minute. In other areas, yields of seventy gallons per minute are common. When you call us with the geological location of your land, we can let you know what the wells around your property yield, although that does not always indicate exactly how much water your well will yield.

The more important question would be to ask how much water will be needed. For homeowners, the average adult uses between seventy five to one hundred (75–100) gallons per day. Therefore, four hundred (400) gallons per day should be able to meet the needs of a family of four, and the actual use would be only a little over one quarter (1/4) gallon per minute. Landscaping, greenhouses, swimming pools, hot tubs, livestock and pets require considerably more water. An external tank located in the basement or underground may be needed to draw water from the well and store it for times of peak usage if the usage will be equal to the production of the well.

Where should the well be located?
Three important considerations exist for locating where your home water well will be drilled. It needs to be:

  • Away from sources of contamination
  • Convenient to power supply and pipe installation
  • Accessible for drilling rig and pump installing equipment

If possible, always locate the well at a higher elevation than any waste water septic system or drainage system. State laws also specify minimum acceptable distances between wells and other structures. Old and abandoned wells should be filled and sealed by a licensed well driller to avoid contamination of the new well.

Does well “witching” or “dowsing” work?
Although there is no scientific evidence that dowsing works, it does seem that there is a possibility that a few individuals may have a gift. However, the stories of dowsing success are passed along through the generations and across rural areas. Anyone can claim to be a dowser. We have drilled dry holes at the direction of dowsers. We have also drilled in areas where we were certain to hit water anywhere on the property and the dowser directed the well to be drilled in a very inconvenient location. Do some research before you invest in a dowser.

Why do different drillers use different types of equipment?
Our company is dedicated to providing the best possible well on the property that you have selected. We use a state-of-the-art air rotary system that advances the bit by injecting water, along with compressed air, to clean the well bore and lift the cuttings and rock chips to the surface. Periodically the rig is stopped so that the driller can test for water. Mud rotary drillers, however, use a bentonite clay mixture to support the sides of the boring so that the material will not cave in the boring. The mixture creates a cake that stabilizes the sides and it will seal off water, making the detection of lower yields difficult. This seal will hold water back until the well is cleaned by post-drilling development or until it is plugged as a dry hole. When we encounter difficult drilling conditions such as sand and gravel, we now use a Gus Pech Bucket Drill or a Drill and Drive system installed on our rotary rig, the first of its type in the United States. This enables us to advance casing through unstable materials as we drill, allowing us to continue to avoid the problems associated with drilling using mud.

What if we don’t find water?
No ground water contractor wants to drill a “dry” hole. It is also unlikely, but when dealing with subsurface geology, it is difficult to guarantee finding water or to predict its quantity and quality. Therefore, most pricing includes this as a possibility.

What are the terms for payment of my water well?
The homeowner is welcome to check with their local farm extension office or USDA office for special funding for their specific county.

Payment is due, in full, upon completion. Of course, cash is always acceptable. However, if you do need to borrow money, be assured it is money well spent. Your water system is more essential to your ability to live in your home than any other feature. For this reason, many individuals do not hesitate to obtain a home improvement loan. Please remember that your financing must be complete before well drilling begins.